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Hotel Fire Door Construction and Materialsc

As a place where people gather and with a high risk of fire, safety is crucial for the operation and service of hotels. Fire doors, as an essential part of hotel fire safety, play a critical role, and their design and material selection directly affect the hotel's fire safety capabilities. This article will explore the construction and common materials used in hotel fire doors.

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I. Construction Elements


Door Frame Design:

The door frame design of a hotel fire door typically uses steel plates and fire-resistant treated wood to ensure the frame's stability and fire resistance. The design should comply with fire requirements to ensure the normal operation and closure of the door.


Door Leaf Structure:

The door leaf is a key structural element of a hotel fire door, generally made of multiple layers of metal plates and fire-resistant treated wood. It may be filled with specific fire-resistant materials internally. Metal plates offer excellent heat resistance, while fire-resistant materials enhance the door's fire resistance.


Fire-resistant Filling Materials:

Fire-resistant filling materials, such as rock wool, perlite, and calcium silicate boards, are used to fill the interior of the door leaf to increase the fire rating of the door. These materials provide heat insulation and smoke resistance during a fire, while also reducing sound transmission through the door.


Sealing Strips:

Sealing strips at the joints between the door frame and the door leaf are made of high-temperature-resistant and flame-retardant materials to ensure the door's sealing. This prevents the penetration of harmful gases during a fire and enhances the fire resistance.


Fire-resistant Hardware:

Fire-resistant hardware includes fire locks, hinges, door closers, push bars, electronic locks, etc. These hardware components are typically made of special metals that are high-temperature resistant, ensuring they function properly during a fire and maintain the closure of the door leaf. Most hotel room entrance fire doors use concealed door closers for a neat and elegant appearance.

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II. Common Materials


Metal Materials:

Metal materials are one of the common materials used for hotel fire doors, providing excellent fire resistance and strength, maintaining stability at high temperatures. Metal materials are suitable for making door frames and door leafs, ensuring the overall stability of the door.


Fire-resistant Filling Materials:

Fire-resistant filling materials, such as rock wool and fiberglass, are used to fill the interior of the door leaf. These materials effectively isolate the source of fire and block the spread of smoke, improving the fire resistance.


Fire-resistant Glass:

If the hotel fire door is designed with windows, fire-resistant glass should be chosen to ensure it acts as a barrier to fire and smoke during a fire while maintaining transparency.


Fire-resistant Paint:

The surface of the door is often coated with fire-resistant paint to enhance the door's fire resistance and improve its fire rating.


The hotel fire door is a crucial part of hotel fire safety, and the correct choice of construction and materials is essential. The right construction and materials ensure that people can evacuate quickly and safely during a fire or emergency. Therefore, when selecting and installing hotel fire doors, special attention should be paid to their construction and materials to ensure their performance meets actual safety requirements.


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III. Design Features


Exterior Design:

The exterior design of hotel fire doors is simple and elegant, in line with the modern home decor style. Common designs include smooth surfaces and clean lines to suit various decoration styles. Most fire entry front doors in hotel rooms are made of wooden fire-resistant doors. The exterior design can be diverse, ranging from shallow carvings to flat modern styles. The surface can have various paint-free wood grains or solid-colored paint surfaces.


Application Scenarios:

Hotel fire doors are widely used in various settings such as hotel rooms, stairwells, lobbies, elevator areas, utility rooms, etc.


Color Selection:

The colors of hotel fire doors should harmonize with the overall interior decor style. Generally, simple and lively color tones such as warm tones, wood tones, white, gray, and dark tones are chosen. Additionally, custom colors and wood grain effects can be tailored based on user preferences.


Opening Methods:

Hotel fire doors have various opening methods, including single and double openings. The suitable opening method is chosen based on the door's location and user habits to ensure convenient use.


Smart Devices:

Some hotel fire doors are equipped with smart devices such as fingerprint locks, password locks, remote controllers, etc., enhancing the convenience and security of door usage, meeting the needs of modern hotels.

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IV. Technological Innovation


Soundproofing Technology:

With the advancement of technology, soundproofing techniques continue to innovate using advanced soundproofing materials and technologies. This ensures superior sound insulation for hotel fire doors, providing users with a quiet and comfortable indoor environment.


Smart Technology Integration:

Combining smart technology, hotel fire doors can achieve functions like remote control and voice control, elevating the door's intelligence level and providing users with a more convenient living experience.


Environmental Protection Technology:

Modern hotel fire door designs increasingly emphasize the use of eco-friendly materials, advocating for a green ecology to minimize the door's environmental impact and achieve green and low-carbon production.


New Sealing Technology:

Innovative sealing technology improves the door's sealing, effectively isolating the spread of sound and smoke, enhancing the performance and effectiveness of hotel fire doors.


As a crucial part of hotel safety, the construction, materials, design features, and technological innovations of hotel fire doors are essential for enhancing hotel safety and ensuring the safety of individuals' lives and property. When selecting hotel fire doors, users must consider these factors comprehensively to ensure the selection of suitable doors and to safeguard lives and property. If excellent soundproofing is needed within the hotel, soundproof fire doors can also be considered.


Different soundproof materials are chosen based on the specific soundproofing requirements, measured in decibels (dB). Guangxi Zonle Doors Manufacture Company has developed and produced wooden soundproof fire doors and steel soundproof fire doors that can achieve a maximum of STC 50dB. The wooden soundproof fire doors have already undergone testing using the ASTM E90-09 testing method and achieved an STC of 45dB, as confirmed by the test report. Zonle Doors Company has been exported Soundproof Fire Door to United State, England, Germany, Canada, France, Italy ext. 15 countries. 


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Hotel Fire Door Construction and Materials

Hotel Fire Door Construction and Materials

Hotel Fire Door Construction and Materials

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